Essays

Here are selected essays written either by me or about my ideas in other electronic publications (except for my separate Scientific American essays). This list is far from exhaustive, containing only key articles.

Matter is nothing more than the extrinsic appearance of inner experience: The external world is constituted by transpersonal experiential states. The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
Here I explain why the 'hard problem of consciousness' is merely an internal contradiction of metaphysical materialism, not a problem that needs to be solved.
Vindicating Schopenhauer: Undoing misunderstandings of his metaphysics, Blog of the American Philosophical Association (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
A summary of key points made about Arthur Schopenhauer's metaphysics in my book Decoding Schopenhauer's Metaphysics, particularly regarding Schopenhauer's vastly misunderstood concept of 'Will.'
The Meaning and Destiny of Western Culture. Science and Nonduality (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
Reflections on the primordial origin, identity and telos of Western civilization, under the light of Peter Kingsley's remarkable work.
Every generation scorns the picture of ‘reality’ which came before. And the next generation will be no different. The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
The psychology of 'intelligent' nonsense that manufactures plausibility for absurdities such as metaphysical materialism.
Schopenhauer's Sense of Self: Can Our Core Subjectivity Survive Bodily Death? The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
An attempt to rehabilitate Schopenhauer's profound notion of identity, the West's own insight into the impersonal nature of the self.
Kastrup: No, Consciousness Cannot Be Just a Byproduct. Mind Matters News (2020).
By Mind Matter News staff.
Coverage of my response to biologist Jerry Coyne's criticisms of an earlier essay of mine, wherein I dispute Coyne's claim that consciousness could have evolved as a byproduct of cognitive function.
Did Consciousness Evolve? A Darwinist Responds. Mind Matters News (2020).
By Prof. Michael Egnor.
Neurosurgeon Prof. Michael Egnor comes to my defense against criticism by evolutionary biologist Jerry Coyne.
Bernardo Kastrup: Consciousness Cannot Have Evolved. Mind Matters News (2020).
By Mind Matters News staff.
A brief review of my essay titled Consciousness Cannot Have Evolved (see below).
Consciousness Cannot Have Evolved. The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
An exposition of why, under joint materialist and neo-Darwinian premises, phenomenal consciousness should not exist at all. So something has got to give.
The Mysterious Reappearance of Consciousness. The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
My rejoinder to Princeton neuroscientist Michael Graziano, following his reply to my exposé of his incoherent and outright absurd argument that consciousness does not exist.
Why Would Philosophers Deny that Consciousness Is Real? Mind Matters News (2020).
By Mind Matters News staff.
A discussion of my exposé of eliminativism and illusionism, the bizarre philosophical notions—seriously debated in academia—that consciousness does not exist (see below).
The Mysterious Disappearance of Consciousness: What makes materialists deny the undeniable? The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
An exposé of philosophy's most toxic and pernicious charade of all time: the notion that consciousness doesn't exist, is an illusion.
Will we ever Understand Consciousness? Why compromises like panpsychism aren't the way forward, The Institute of Art and Ideas (2020).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
On why the most popular version of panpsychism (technically called 'constitutive micropsychism') is both physically incoherent and philosophically weak.
Why Materialism is a Dead-End: How misunderstanding matter has led us astray, The Institute of Art and Ideas (2019).
By Bernardo Kastrup.
A thorough take-down of metaphysical materialism, elaborating on the reasons why it is untenable. It also suggests idealism as the optimal alternative.
Recently Published Book Spotlight: The Idea of the World, Blog of the American Philosophical Association (2019).
By Bernardo Kastrup and Nathan Eckstrand.
This written interview contains an extensive and accurate summary of my philosophical positions.
Do Quantum Phenomena Require Conscious Observers? Science and Nonduality (2018).
By Shawn Radcliffe.
Examines the claim made by me, Henry Stapp and Menas Kafatos that conscious observation if foundational to quantum mechanics.
Are we all multiple personalities of universal consciousness? Big Think (2018).
By Robby Berman.
An article about my philosophy. Not accurately written and has mistakes, but comprehensive and easily understandable.
New Theory Says We Are All Multiple Personalities of a Cosmic Consciousness. Science and Nonduality (2018).
By Shawn Radcliffe.
A summary of a key idea underlying my philosophy. Fairly well written and accessible.
More to come!